7 tips to Help Prevent Coronavirus Infection and Illness: There is currently no vaccine to prevent illness from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), so the best way to prevent infection and illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus.
The human coronavirus is commonly spread from an infected person through respiratory droplets generated when coughing or sneezing or close personal contact such as touching or shaking hands, according to the Government of Canada.* The virus is also spread when someone touches a surface with the virus on it, and then touches their mouth, nose or eyes before washing their hands thoroughly.*
Here are steps you can take to protect yourself and your loved ones and prevent the spread of coronavirus:
1. Wash your hands frequently
Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
2. Avoid touching your face. Take special care not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands, since these are the most likely ways for the virus to enter your body,* advises the World Health Organization.
3. Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces. Potentially contaminated surfaces may include tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks,* says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
4. Keep a safe distance from sick people. Maintain a safe distance of at least two meters between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing since the virus is thought to spread between people who are within that distance.
5. Stay at home if you feel unwell
Stay at home if you feel unwell, even with a slight fever and cough.
6. Avoid crowded places and close contact with anyone that has fever or cough
Avoid crowded places, especially if you are over 60 or have an underlying health condition such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart and lung diseases, or cancer. Maintain at least 1 meter of distance between yourself and anyone who has a fever or cough.
7. Practice good respiratory hygiene.
Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Dispose of the used tissue and immediately wash your hands for at least 20 seconds,* advises Mayo Clinic.